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Nodal Replication of Planar Random Waves


We study the almost periods of the eigenmodes of flat planar manifolds in the high energy limit. We prove in particular that the Gaussian Arithmetic Random Waves replicate almost identically at a scale at most ℓn := n − 1 2 exp (Nn), where Nn is the number of ways n can be written as a sum of two squares. It provides a qualitative interpretation of the full correlation phenomenon of the nodal length, which is known to happen at scales larger than ℓ ′ n := n −1/2 N A n. We provide also a heuristic with a toy model pleading that the minimal scale of replication should be closer to ℓ ′ n than ℓn. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Almost periodicity and replication 6 3. Dirichlet's theorem for almost periodic fields 13 4. Replication of the nodal lines 15 5. Optimality of Dirichlet's approximation theorem 19 6. Appendix 20 References 28
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hal-04030237 , version 1 (15-03-2023)



Loïc Thomassey, Raphaël Lachièze-Rey. Nodal Replication of Planar Random Waves. 2023. ⟨hal-04030237⟩
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